Kosovo has always been the cradle of Serbian people and culture.
In the central part of Kosovo lies its largest city-Pristina, with rich cultural and historical heritage. North from the capital spreads the Kosovo field-famous for the glorious battle which occurred in 1389. between the Serbs and the Ottomans. In the battle of Kosovo participated many respectable Serbian families: Hrebeljanovic, Mrnjavcevic, Brankovic and Jugovic, and today there are two monuments commemorating this historical event, Murat’s turbe(tomb) and the Monument to the heroes of Kosovo. Metohija was named after the monasteries’ properties, so called metohs built by Serbian kings from Nemanjic dynasty in the Middle Ages. The monasteries were surrounded by wonderful vineyards, which are still cultivated today, so this region is nowdays popular for the quality wine. In the south of Metohija, at the foot of magnificent Sara mountain lies the ancient Prizren town through which runs the Bistrica river flowing into the Beli Drim. With its old churches, this town is recognizable as a meeting place of many historical, religious and cultural monuments. In the Middle Ages, it was a favourite residence of Nemanjic dynasty, and during the reign of king Dusan it had been the capital of Serbia. From this period the most significant historical monuments are: Our Lady of Levis’ church, and the Monastery of the Holy Archangels. They were both ruined by the Albanians in the March riots in 2004. We also recommend you to see: Sinan Pasha’s mosque, Sahat kula /The Clock tower, the Church of the Holy Saviour.
Gracanica monastery is located southeast from Pristina in Gracanica village. It is the foundation of king Milutin, consecrated to the Dormition of the Mother of God, and one of the most significant and attractive among the Byzantine architecture monuments in the world. You can find there the frescoes depicting the geneology of Nemanjic dynasty, and the monastery’s treasure keeps a priceless collection of icons from XVI-XIX century, of which the most famous is the icon of Christ, interesting for its large dimensions.
Pec is an interesting town, recognizable for the Patriarchate of Pec, a monastery complex located at the entrance of Rugovo gorge, representing one of the most significant monuments of the Serbian past. It had been the residence of Serbian archbishops and patriarchs for centuries. Since its establishment in XII century until the present day, it has had a distinguished position in Serbian Orthodox church, and an each new patriarch is elected in the Patriarchate of Pec. This monastery complex includes: St. Nicholas church, St. Demetrius church, and the Church of the Holy Virgin.
Not far from Pec, in the valley of the Decanska Bistrica river, surrounded by wooded hills, rise Visoki Decani-the best preserved medieval Serbian monastery, founded by the kings and Dusan and Stefan Decanski. The monastery is consecrated to Christ Pantocrator and the Ascension of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and it represents an architectural treasure of Kosovo, and as such it is listed as UNESCO’s world cultural heritage, along with Gracanica, the Patriarchate of Pec and Our Lady of Levis.
Sar planina mountain is a natural border with Macedonia, with its breath-taking lakes, and its most impressive part is protected as a national park